One member of the Neurobioethics group, Michele Farisco, published an original article entitled, “The Ethical Pain: Detection and Management of Pain and Suffering in Disorders of Consciousness,” in the journal Neuroethics.

Abstract: The intriguing issue of pain and suffering in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOCs), particularly in Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome/Vegetative State (UWS/VS) and Minimally Conscious State (MCS), is assessed from a theoretical point of view, through an overview of recent neuroscientific literature, in order to sketch an ethical analysis. In conclusion, from a legal and ethical point of view, formal guidelines and a situationist ethicsare proposed in order to best manage the critical scientific uncertainty about pain and suffering in DOCs and ensure the best possible care for the patient.

Article can be downloaded at